Sunday, 11 March 2018

Obesity And Weight Loss Surgeries In Cochin

“Obesity”, the word is nowadays prevalent even among teenagers besides adults. And the causes for this obesity condition are many.

Obesity is a life-long, progressive, life-threatening, genetically related, multifactorial disease of excess fat storage. When a person’s BMI is over 30, then he/she is considered as “Obese”, 27.5 and above is considered obesity for Asians. Hereditary factors, food habits, and lifestyle are the main reasons for this obesity condition. Where mortality, disability, and psychology are the complications caused by Obesity.

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The first-line treatments for obesity and overweight include diet, exercise, behavior therapy, and anti-obesity drugs. But for severe obesity this has limited success and success for long term is very poor. Weight loss surgery can improve the quality of life and bring improvement in obesity-related diseases.

Bariatric Surgery or Weight Loss Surgery

Bariatric Surgery or Weight Loss Surgery is a surgery performed on the stomach and/or intestines to assist people suffering from obesity or overweight in losing weight. Bariatric Surgery deals with cause, prevention, and treatment of obesity. This surgery is performed by an experienced Bariatric surgeon.

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Types of Bariatric (Weight Loss Surgery) procedures

Lap Gastric Banding - Placing a semiconductor band circumferentially around upmost side of the abdomen, therefore making a little proximal pouch that empties slowly leading to early fullness. The band is tightened by injecting saline into a port placed subcutaneously

Bypass Procedures - Stomach divided into a small proximal and large distal pouch. By a roux loupe, a proximal pouch is connected to the small intestine.

Sleeve Gastrectomy - Subtotal resection of fundus and body of stomach to create a long tubular gastric conduit along lesser curvature of stomach

Mini Gastric Bypass - The mini-gastric bypass is a restrictive and malabsorptive procedure. This implies that the procedure reduces the size of your stomach, limiting the amount you'll be able to eat.

Intragastric Balloon Placement (nonoperative procedure) - It is placing a deflated balloon within the abdomen using endoscopy and so filling it to decrease the quantity of intragastric area. It can be left in the stomach for a period of 6 months and results in average weight loss of 10-15 kg in half a year. It may be used in patients who are overweight and not coming to the category of sleeve gastrectomy.

Post Bariatric Surgery

After surgery, you will need to rest and recover. Although the type of follow-up varies by type of surgery, you will need to take supplements that your doctor prescribes to make sure you are getting enough vitamins and minerals.

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